Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing terhadap Prestasi Belajar Fisika Siswa SMP

Authors

  • Jono Iskandar Akademi Komunitas Olat Maras (AKOM)
  • Syifaul Gummah Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika, Indonesia
  • Saiful Prayogi Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Asy'ari (Scopus ID: 55872560900); Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.515

Keywords:

model pembelajaran, inkuiri terbimbing, prestasi belajar, learning model, guided inquiry, learning achievement

Abstract

Pembelajaran di dalam kelas yang cenderung berpusat pada guru disinyalir menjadi penyebab rendahnya prestasi belajar siswa. Penggunaan mode pembelajaran yang tepat diharapkan mampu membuat siswa berperan aktif dalam proses pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing terhadap prestasi belajar fisika siswa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Siswa pada kelas VIII4 (34 siswa) dijadikan sebagai kelompok eksperimen dan siswa pada kelas VIII6 (34 siswa) sebagai kelompok control yang dipilih menggunakan claster random sampling technique. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan instrumen tes objektif yang telah diuji validitas, reliabilitas, daya pembeda dan indeks kesukaran. Perbedaan prestasi belajar siswa dianalisis menggunakan uji-t setelah dinyatakan memenuhi uji prasyarat normalitas dan homogenitas data. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, diperoleh skor rata-rata pretest kelompok eksperimen sebesar 36,17 dan kelompok kontrol sebesar 39,5. Sedangkan skor rata-rata posttest kelompok eksperimen sebesar 65,41 dan kelas kontrol sebesar 50. Hasil uji-t menunjukkan thitung = 6,07 > ttabel = 2,00, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan metode pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar fisika siswa SMP.

The Effect of the Use of Guided Inquiry Learning Model on the Physics Learning Achievement of Junior High School Students

Abstract

Learning in the classroom that tends to be teacher-centered is allegedly the cause of the low student achievement. The use of appropriate learning modes is expected to be able to make students play an active role in the learning process. This study aims to determine the effect of the guided inquiry learning model on students' physics learning achievement. This type of research is a quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest control group design. Students in class VIII4 (34 students) were used as the experimental group and students in class VIII6 (34 students) as the control group were selected using the cluster random sampling technique. The research data were collected using an objective test instrument that had been tested for validity, reliability, discriminatory power and difficulty index. Differences in student achievement were analyzed using t-test after being declared to meet the prerequisite tests for normality and data homogeneity. Based on the results of data analysis, the average pretest score of the experimental group was 36.17 and the control group was 39.5. While the posttest average score of the experimental group is 65.41 and the control class is 50. The t-test results show tcount = 6.07 > ttable = 2.00, so it can be concluded that the use of guided inquiry learning model has a significant effect on junior high school students’ physics learning achievement.

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Author Biography

Muhammad Asy'ari, (Scopus ID: 55872560900); Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika

Scopus ID: 55872560900

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Iskandar, J., Gummah, S., Prayogi, S., & Asy’ari, M. (2021). Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing terhadap Prestasi Belajar Fisika Siswa SMP. Empiricism Journal, 2(1), 10–18. https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.515

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