Involving STEM Students in Critical Analysis Tasks on the Processes of Modifying Optical Properties of Materials

Authors

  • Muhammad Roil Bilad Universiti Brunei Darussalam
  • Aris Doyan University of Mataram

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36312/ijece.v2i2.1597

Keywords:

critical analysis skills, optical characteristics, polimer films blend, γ-irradiation, STEM students

Abstract

The present study aimed to train STEM students' critical analysis skills in the material modification process. The optical properties of the mixed polymer materials (polyvinyl alcohol, methylene blue dye, and trichloroacetic acid) were modified using gamma (?) radiation techniques. The fabrication process of polymer films blend irradiated with ? rays was carried out by the lecturer, including absorbance measurements. The task assigned to the STEM students was to critically analyze the optical characteristics of the irradiated polymer films. The method was divided into two sections: 1) the fabrication of ?-irradiated polymer films, which involved preparation, radiation, and absorbance measurement of the polymer film blend, and 2) the assessment of critical analysis skills in STEM students, which was based on a portfolio of critical analysis tasks. The results of the analysis showed changes in the physical properties and optical characteristics of the polymer film blend, including its potential application as ? radiation dosimetry. The results of the critical analysis task indicated that STEM students were able to complete the task effectively. Overall, the findings of this study demonstrate the success of STEM students in conducting critical analysis of the optical characteristics of polymer films blends irradiated by ?-rays.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Muhammad Roil Bilad, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Scopus ID: 36999741400

References

Abdel-Fattah, A. A., El-Kelany, M., & Abdel-Rehim, F. (1996). Development of a radia-tion-sensitive indicator. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 48(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/0969-806X(96)00014-X

Abdel-Fattah, A. A., El-Kelany, M., Abdel-Rehim, F., & El Miligy, A. A. (1997). UV-sensitive indicators based on bromophenol blue and chloral hydrate dyed poly(vinyl butyral). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 110(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-6030(97)00195-0

Abdel-Fattah, A. A., Soliman, Y. S., Bayomi, A. M. M., & Abdel-Khalek, A. A. (2014). Dosimet-ric characteristics of a Radiochromic polyvinyl butyral film containing 2,4-hexadiyn-1,6-bis(n-butyl urethane). Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 86, 21–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2013.12.023

Akhtar, S., Hussain, T., Shahzad, A., & Qamar-ul-Islam. (2013). The Feasibility of Reactive Dye in PVA Films as High Dosimeter. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 9, 420–423. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2013.09.54

Akhtar, S., Shahzad, A., Bashir, S., Hussain, M. Y., & Akhtar, N. (2016). Improved performance of radiochromic films for high-dose dosimetry. Radioprotection, 51(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1051/radiopro/2016001

Aldweri, F. M., Rabaeh, K. A., & Al-Ahmad, K. N. (2017). Novel radiochromic dosimeters based on Calcein dye for high dose applications. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 139, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.05.007

Ang, S. L., Sivashankari, R., Shaharuddin, B., Chuah, J.-A., Tsuge, T., Abe, H., & Sudesh, K. (2020). Potential Applications of Polyhydroxyalkanoates as a Biomaterial for the Ag-ing Population. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 181, 109371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2020.109371

Aziz, S. B., Brza, M. A., Nofal, M. M., Abdulwahid, R. T., Hussen, S. A., Hussein, A. M., & Ka-rim, W. O. (2020). A Comprehensive Review on Optical Properties of Polymer Electro-lytes and Composites. Materials, 13(17), Article 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13173675

Barnet, R. (1997). Higher education: A critical business. Open University Press.

Bloom, B. H. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook 1: Cognitive Domain. David Mackay Co.

Chang, S.-H., Yang, L.-J., Chen, C.-H., Shih, C.-C., Shu, Y., & Chen, Y.-T. (2022). STEM educa-tion in academic achievement: A meta-analysis of its moderating effects. Interactive Learning Environments, 0(0), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2022.2147956

Chaturvedi, A., Bajpai, A. K., Bajpai, J., & Sharma, A. (2015). Antimicrobial poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel–copper nanocomposites for possible applications in biomedical fields. De-signed Monomers and Polymers, 18(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1080/15685551.2015.1012628

COWAN, J. (1986). Are We Neglecting Real Analytical Skills in Engineering Education? Euro-pean Journal of Engineering Education, 11(1), 67–73. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043798608939282

Dewey, J. (1910). How we think. Boston?: D.C. Heath & Co. http://archive.org/details/howwethink00deweiala

Doyan, A., Susilawati, S., Prayogi, S., Bilad, M. R., Arif, M. F., & Ismail, N. M. (2021). Polymer Film Blend of Polyvinyl Alcohol, Trichloroethylene and Cresol Red for Gamma Radia-tion Dosimetry. Polymers, 13(11), Article 11. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13111866

Ebraheem, S., Eid, S., & Kovacs, A. (2002). A new dyed poly (vinyl alcohol) film for high-dose applications. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 63(3–6), Article 3–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(01)00663-6

Ebraheem, S., & El-Kelany, M. (2013). Dosimeter Film Based on Ethyl Violet-Bromophenol Blue Dyed Poly(Vinyl Alcohol). Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, 03(01), Article 01. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojpchem.2013.31001

El-Kelany, M., & Gafar, S. M. (2016). Preparation of radiation monitoring labels to ? ray. Optik, 127(16), Article 16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.05.001

Ennis, R. H. (2011). The nature of critical thinking: An outline of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines, 26(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.5840/inquiryctnews201126214

Ennis, R. H. (2015). Critical Thinking: A Streamlined Conception. In M. Davies & R. Barnett (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Thinking in Higher Education (pp. 31–47). Pal-grave Macmillan US. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137378057_2

Escobedo-Morales, A., Ruiz-López, I. I., Ruiz-Peralta, M. deL., Tepech-Carrillo, L., Sánchez-Cantú, M., & Moreno-Orea, J. E. (2019). Automated method for the determination of the band gap energy of pure and mixed powder samples using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Heliyon, 5(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01505

Eskin, M., & Robinson, D. S. (n.d.). Food Shelf Life Stability: Chemical, Biochemical, and Microbio-logical Changes (1st ed.). CRC Press.

Facione, P. A. (2020). Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts. Measured Reasons LCC. https://www.insightassessment.com/wp-content/uploads/ia/pdf/whatwhy.pdf

Gadhave, R. V., Mahanwar, P. A., & Gadekar, P. T. (2019). Effect of vinyl silane modification on thermal and mechanical properties of starch-polyvinyl alcohol blend. Designed Monomers and Polymers, 22(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1080/15685551.2019.1678223

Gafar, S. M., El-Kelany, M., & El-Ahdal, M. (2017). Low-dose film dosimeter based on mixture of AY and TBPE dyed poly(vinyl alcohol). Dyes and Pigments, 140, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2017.01.020

Galante, A. M. S., & Campos, L. L. (2012). Mapping radiation fields in containers for industrial ?-irradiation using polycarbonate dosimeters. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 70(7), Article 7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2011.12.046

Handayani, M., & Permawati, H. (2017). Gamma irradiation technology to preservation of foodstuffs as an effort to maintain quality and acquaint the significant role of nuclear on food production to Indonesia society: A Review. Energy Procedia, 127, 302–309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.08.112

Isac, J. (2014). Optical Band Gap Analysis of Nano-Crystalline Ceramic PbSrCaCuO. JOUR-NAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, 5(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v5i3.1881

Kattan, M., al Kassiri, H., & Daher, Y. (2011). Using polyvinyl chloride dyed with bromocresol purple in radiation dosimetry. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 69(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2010.11.006

Kattan, M., & Daher, Y. (2016). The use of polyvinyl chloride films dyed with methyl red in radiation dosimetry. Internatuinal Journal of Radiation Research, 14(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.18869/acadpub.ijrr.14.3.263

Meftah, A., Gharibshahi, E., Soltani, N., Yunus, W., & Saion, E. (2014). Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of PVA/PANI/Nickel Nanocomposites Synthesized by Gamma Radiolytic Method. Polymers, 6(9), Article 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym6092435

Mott, N. F., & Davis, E. A. (2012). Electronic processes in non-crystalline materials (2nd ed). Clar-endon Press.

Prayogi, S., Ahzan, S., Indriaturrahmi, I., & Rokhmat, J. (2022). Opportunities to Stimulate the Critical Thinking Performance of Preservice Science Teachers Through the Ethno-Inquiry Model in an E Learning Platform. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 21(9), Article 9. https://www.ijlter.org/index.php/ijlter/article/view/5818

Ra, S., Shrestha, U., Khatiwada, S., Yoon, S. W., & Kwon, K. (2019). The rise of technology and impact on skills. International Journal of Training Research, 17(sup1), 26–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/14480220.2019.1629727

Rabaeh, K. A., Aljammal, S. A., Eyadeh, M. M., & Abumurad, K. M. (2021). Methyl thymol blue solution and film dosimeter for high dose measurements. Results in Physics, 23, 103980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2021.103980

Rabaeh, K. A., & Basfar, A. A. (2020). A polystyrene film dosimeter containing dithizone dye for high dose applications of gamma-ray source. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 170, 108646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.108646

Raouafi, A., Daoudi, M., Jouini, K., Charradi, K., Hamzaoui, A. H., Blaise, P., Farah, K., & Hos-ni, F. (2018). Effect of gamma irradiation on the color, structure and morphology of nickel-doped polyvinyl alcohol films: Alternative use as dosimeter or irradiation indi-cator. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 425, 4–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2018.03.034

Singh, S. & Neerja. (2007). The effect of gamma-irradiation on the activation energy of bulk and track etching in CR-39 plastic track detector. Radiation Measurements, 42(9), Arti-cle 9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.09.007

Skuja, L., Kajihara, K., Ikuta, Y., Hirano, M., & Hosono, H. (2004). Urbach absorption edge of silica: Reduction of glassy disorder by fluorine doping. Journal of Non-Crystalline Sol-ids, 345–346, 328–331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2004.08.038

Susilawati. (2009). Dose Response and Optical Properties of Dyed Poly Vinyl Alcohol-Trichloroacetic Acid Polymeric Blends Irradiated with Gamma-Rays. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(12), Article 12. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.2071.2077

Susilawati, S., Prayogi, S., Arif, M. F., Ismail, N. M., Bilad, M. R., & Asy’ari, M. (2021). Optical Properties and Conductivity of PVA–H3PO4 (Polyvinyl Alcohol–Phosphoric Acid) Film Blend Irradiated by ?-Rays. Polymers, 13(7), Article 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13071065

Wahyudi, P Verawati, N. N. S., Ayub, S., & Prayogi, S. (2018). Development of Inquiry-Creative-Process Learning Model to Promote Critical Thinking Ability of Physics Pro-spective Teachers. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1108, 012005. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1108/1/012005

Wong, C. Y., Wong, W. Y., Loh, K. S., Daud, W. R. W., Lim, K. L., Khalid, M., & Walvekar, R. (2020). Development of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)-Based Polymers as Proton Exchange Membranes and Challenges in Fuel Cell Application: A Review. Polymer Reviews, 60(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583724.2019.1641514

Downloads

Published

2023-12-12

How to Cite

Bilad, M. R., & Doyan, A. (2023). Involving STEM Students in Critical Analysis Tasks on the Processes of Modifying Optical Properties of Materials. International Journal of Essential Competencies in Education, 2(2), 160–176. https://doi.org/10.36312/ijece.v2i2.1597

Issue

Section

Original Research Article