Meningkatkan keterampilan metakognisi dan berpikir kritis siswa melalui pembelajaran model pemecahan masalah dengan strategi konflik-kognitif

Authors

  • Roniati Sukaisih Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) 3 Lombok Tengah, Nusa Tenggara Barat
  • M. Muhali (Scopus ID: 57208129457); Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Science and Mathematics Education, IKIP Mataram
  • Muhammad Asy'ari Program Studi Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.329

Keywords:

Keterampilan Metakognisi, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis, Model Problem Solving, Strategi Konflik Kognitif.

Abstract

Pembelajaran saat ini menekankan siswa untuk mampu belajar dengan menerapkan keterampilan–keterampilan berpikir abad 21 sesuai tuntutan kurikulum 2013 maupun edisi revisi seperti berpikir kritis dan metakognisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa dalam pembelajaran fisika melalui implementasi model pemecahan masalah dengan strategi konflik kognitif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas, yang terdiri dari tiga siklus pembelajaran, dan setiap siklus meliputi empat tahapan yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi, dan refleksi. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada 25 siswa kelas XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan berupa (1) lembar observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran, (2) tes uraian kemampuan berpikir kritis sebanyak 4 (empat) soal, dan (3) lembar penilaian keterampilan metakognisi siswa yang telah dinyatakan valid. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keteralaksanaan pembelajaran untuk setiap siklus dinyatakan baik, sehingga berdampak pada aktivitas metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis yang berkategori baik. berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa implementasi model pemecahan masalah dengan strategi konflik kognitif dapat meningkatkan keterampilan metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa kelas XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah


Improving students' metacognition and critical thinking skills through problem-solving learning models with conflict-cognitive strategies


Abstract: Current learning emphasizes students to be able to learn by applying 21st century thinking skills according to the demands of the 2013 curriculum and revised editions such as critical thinking and metacognition. This study aims to improve students' metacognition skills and critical thinking skills in learning physics through the implementation of problem-solving models with cognitive conflict strategies. This research is a classroom action research, which consists of three learning cycles, and each cycle includes four stages, namely planning, implementing, evaluating, and reflecting. The research was conducted on 25 students of class XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah. The research instrument used in the form of (1) learning implementation observation sheet, (2) 4 (four) test questions on critical thinking skills, and (3) students' metacognition skill assessment sheet that has been declared valid. The research data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the implementation of learning for each cycle was declared good, so that it had an impact on metacognition activities and critical thinking skills which were stated to increase each cycle. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the implementation of problem solving models with cognitive conflict strategies can improve metacognition skills and critical thinking skills of class XI students of MAN 3 Lombok Tengah.

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Published

2020-06-30

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Articles