Author Guidelines

Before Submission

Please read this guideline carefully. Every manuscript sent to the editorial office of the journal ought to follow the writing guidelines. If the manuscript does not meet with the author guidelines or any manuscript written in a different format, the article will BE REJECTED before further review. Only submitted manuscripts that meet the journal's format will be processed further.

Journal Sections

Journal of Language and Literature Studies covers original research article and article review in the field of education.

Originality and plagiarism

The author is expected to pay attention to the following points before entering the article in the Journal of Language and Literature Studies:

  1. Articles are not the result of the plagiarism of other people's articles. Journal of Language and Literature Studies will ensure that every published article will not exceed 20% similarity Score (Articles found with plagiarism more than 20% are automatically rejected and authors are advised, if the article has a simmilarity below or equal to 20%). Plagiarism screening will be conducted by Editorial Board using Turnitin® Plagiarism Checker.

  2. The article entered is never published and is not in the process of being published in another journal.

  3. The submitted articles are adjusted to the Journal of Language and Literature Studies template.

Peer review is designed to assess the contribution, validity, relevance, quality and often the originality of articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of science by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.

From a publisher’s perspective, peer review functions as a filter for content, directing better quality articles to better quality journals and so creating journal brands.

Running articles through the process of peer review adds value to them. For this reason, publishers need to make sure that peer review is robust.

Editor Feedback

"Pointing out the specifics about flaws in the paper’s structure is paramount. Are methods valid, is data clearly presented, and are conclusions supported by data?” (Editor feedback)

“If an editor can read your comments and understand clearly the basis for your recommendation, then you have written a helpful review.” (Editor feedback)

Peer Review at Its Best

What peer review does best is to improve the quality of published papers by motivating authors to submit good quality work – and helping to improve that work through the peer-review process. 

In fact, 90% of researchers feel that peer review improves the quality of their published papers (University of Tennessee and CIBER Research Ltd, 2013).

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

The manuscript texts are written in English (see JOLLS Template). Manuscripts in English will be first reviewed by editorial boards. The main text of a manuscript must be submitted as a Word document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) file.

The manuscript well-typed in single column on A4 size paper, use 12 pt of Book Antiqua. The manuscript contains an original work and have potentially contribute to the highly scientific advancement.

The manuscript should contain the following section in order:


The title must be written briefly and clearly, and must show precisely the problem to be raised, not to provide a variety of interpretive opportunities, not to contain abbreviations that are not commonly used, not too long (no more than 15 words), Book Antiqua, font size 14 pt.


Full name without academic degrees and titles, the author name should be accompanied by complete affiliation address and corresponding email.


The abstract part must state the core issues to be raised (main research problems, factors making the issues interesting and important to carry out), research objectives (what is to be achieved, gaps to be filled/accommodated), research method (experimental, theoretical, or mixed methods, procedures and analyzes carried out to achieve research aims), scientific findings (main research findings are supported by quantitative data if any), and conclusions/implications (main research conclusions and implications of research results are presented in this section). The number of words in the abstract is between 200-250 words.

Keywords: Keyword1; Keyword2; Keyword3 (3-5 keywords)

4.    INTRODUCTION (12pt, Book Antiqua)

The introduction section must present at least four paragraphs. The first paragraph contains the general context/background related to the dependent/response/observed variables of the study (200-250 words/more). In the first paragraph, the author must describe the domain, field, or phenomenon related to the research topic/variable.

The second paragraph contains a description of the research problems (Problem Statements) containing 200-250 words or more. Research problems of scientific articles must consistently describe the title of the article/the main idea of ??the research underpinned by empirical and theoretical literature reviews. Research problems are presented in the form of research urgency reviews in the perspective of how similar problems are solved in different places. The research problem at least describes the answer to the question "why is the study important?" and “why did the problem occur and can it be resolved?”.

The third paragraph contains novelty/gaps related to the variables studied. In this paragraph the author must comprehensively describe the novelty/differences of the study conducted with the research results that already existed or has been described in the second paragraph. Research novelty, for example, can be in the form of components/indicators studied that are different from previous studies, treatments/modification of treatments, or research subjects/samples. Writers must state the novelty/gap clearly (200-250 words/more). In the novelty/gap description, the author must convey what is not yet known/researched based on the literature review/results of relevant previous studies.

The fourth/last paragraph contains the research objectives and scope/limitations of the study. The author must describe the research objectives comprehensively. The indicators of the variables studied must be stated clearly based on relevant references (200-250 words or more). The last paragraph in the introduction describes the focus and scope of the research which gives rise to an overview of the description in the previous paragraph to help the writer formulate a hypothesis. Completely, the arrangement of the introductory sections is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Content arrangement of the introduction part

5.    METHOD (12pt, Book Antiqua)

The method section contains at least four paragraphs or sub-sections. The first paragraph/sub-section contains the general background covering the type of the study and the research design applied. In this part, the author must include pictures or tables to further clarify the type/design of the research used (200-250 words/more). The use of new types or research methods must be supported by an adequate reference in the form of an explanation of the specific context of the study being conducted.

Table 1. Description










Heading 2

The second paragraph/sub-section contains the sample/research subject. In this part, the author must clearly state the number of samples/subjects involved. Thus, techniques for selecting/determining the sample and descriptions related to the characteristics of the sample/research subjects must be explained in this section (200-250 words/more).

Heading 3

The third paragraph/sub-section contains instruments and procedures (200-250 words/more). The author must describe the type, validity, and reliability of the instrument used. If the instrument is an instrument developed by another writer/researcher, the reference should be mentioned. However, if the research instrument is an instrument developed by the writer/researcher himself, the author must explain how the mechanism are for developing, validating, and testing the reliability of the instrument used to collect research data. In addition, the research procedure covering how the research was carried out and the data are obtained, must be stated in this section. The research procedure is described based on the type of study applied.

Heading 4

The fourth/last paragraph/sub-section presents the analysis of the data used to interpret the research data that has been collected and its relation to the problems and research objectives, needs to be explained clearly (200-250 words/more). Data analysis can be quantitative using statistical techniques or qualitative using codes and content analysis. Data analysis techniques and criteria for interpreting research data must be presented clearly based on reviews of relevant empirical or theoretical studies. Shortly, the arrangement of the results and discussion sections is shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Contents of the research method

6.    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION (12pt, Book Antiqua)

This part must state at least four crucial points. Each point consists of two paragraphs containing a description of the research findings (empirical findings) and why/how these findings occurred/obtained (rationality) (200-250 words/more). The results present research findings obtained through a series of procedures that have been stated in the research methods. The results must be presented briefly and clearly so that it is easy for readers to understand. Research results can be also often presented in tabular form of statistical analysis results and illustrative pictures of research findings.

The next paragraph contains empirical and/or theoretical support relevant to the research findings obtained (empirical and theoretical support) from references to reputable journal articles (200-250 words or more). If the research findings are similar to the results of previous studies (empirical and theoretical support), the author must describe the location of these similarities. If the findings are different, the author must also elaborate the location of these differences and why differences in research findings may occur accompanied by scientific arguments based on empirical references. In addition to the comparative description of research findings with previous studies, the author must discuss the research weaknesses that have implications for research results in this section. Simply, the arrangement of the results and discussion sections is shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3. The content parts of the results and discussion

7.    CONCLUSION (12pt, Book Antiqua)

The Conclusion part describes the answers to the hypotheses and/or research objectives or scientific findings obtained. The conclusion does not contain a repetition of the results and discussion, but rather summarizes the findings as expected in the objectives or hypotheses. In addition, implications, significance of research results, and recommendations for further studies are also presented in this section.

8.    RECOMMENDATION (12pt, Book Antiqua)

Recommendation describe things that will be done related to the next idea of the research. Barriers or problems that can influence the results of the research are also presented in this section.

9.    ACKNOWLEDGMENT (12pt, Book Antiqua)

This section can be written in case there are certain parties need to be acknowledged, such as research sponsors. The acknowledgement must be written in brief and clear. In addition, avoid hyperbole acknowledgment.

10.    REFERENCES (12pt, Book Antiqua)

All references referred to in the text of the article must be registered in the References section. The bibliography must contain reference libraries originating from primary sources (scientific journals and amounting to a minimum of 80% of the total bibliography) published in the last 10 (ten) years. Each article contains at least 10 (ten) references. Writing a referral system in an article text and writing a bibliography should use a reference management application program, for example, Mendeley, EndNote, or Zotero, or others.

Guide to Writing In-Text citations

Use the name of the author(s) followed by the year of publication when citing references within the text and page number. For example:

1 author (Asy'ari, 2019)

2 authors (Asy'ari & Fitriani, 2019)

3 or more authors (Asy'ari et al., 2002)

How to Create a Reference List

For example:

Single author:

Asy'ari, M. (2019). Exploring the Prospective Teachers’ Critical Thinking and Critical Analysis Skills. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(3), 379-390.

2 authors:
Asy'ari, M., & Fitriani, H. (2019). Exploring the Prospective Teachers’ Critical Thinking and Critical Analysis Skills. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(3), 379-390.

3 or more authors:

Fitriani, H., Asy'ari, M., Zubaidah, S., & Mahanal, S. (2019). Exploring the Prospective Teachers’ Critical Thinking and Critical Analysis Skills. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(3), 379-390.

Guide to Writing References

Writing references should use reference management applications such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero, or others. The format of writing used in the e-Saintika is in accordance with the format of the APA (American Psychological Association).

a.    Journal articles: 

Halil, N. I. (2020). The Effectiveness of Using Edmodo as an Online Learning Platform in Covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: E-Saintika, 4(3), 284.

b.   Book:

Fridman, A. (2008). Plasma Chemistry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

c.    Articles in proceedings:

Roeva, O. (2012). Real-World Applications of Genetic Algorithm. In International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering (pp. 25–30). Semarang, Indonesia: Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University.

d.   Thesis and dissertation, research reports: 

Istadi, I. (2006). Development of A Hybrid Artificial Neural Network – Genetic Algorithm for Modelling and Optimization of Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor. PhD Thesis. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

e.    Chapter in an edited book: 

Fasso, W., Knight, B. A., & Knight, C. (2015). Development of Individual Agency within a Collaborative, Creative Learning Community. In M. Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology (Third Edition, pp. 7519–7528). IGI Global.

f.     Website

United Arab Emirates architecture. (n.d.). Retrieved June 17, 2010, from UAE Interact website: http://www.

g.    Articles from the websites:

Benton Foundation. (1998, July 7). Barriers to closing the gap. In Losing ground bit by bit: Low-income communities in the information age (chap. 2). Retrieved from


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  1. For all articles published in Journal of Language and Literature Studies, copyright is retained by the authors. Authors give permission to the publisher to announce the work with conditions. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agrees to implement a non-exclusive transfer of publishing rights to the journals.
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