Developing the Prototype of Picture-Based Learning Materials in the Teaching of Speaking Skills
Keywords:Picture-based learning, Speaking Skills, Materials development
Various pictures can be utilized as learning media to facilitate language learners to learn vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and speaking skills. In the teaching of speaking, serial pictures can be designed to promote students to speak what the pictures illustrate. Therefore, speaking skills become crucial part in learning the target language. In learning English where learners have limited sources to access real English communication with native or non-native English speakers, speaking materials become essential roles in developing learners’ speaking skills. Unfortunately, most of English Foreign Learners (EFL) oftenly confused to practice their English speaking skill because of the the laerners are afraid to start the conversation or express their idea in English. Dealing with this issue, this study is aimed at developing the prototype of learning materials in the teaching of speaking skills in high school level. This study is categorized as R&D design (Research & Development). The data consisted of two kinds, quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data are collected using questionnaire and speaking tests. Meanwhile, qualitative data are gained using interview sheets. Then, the quantitative data were analyzed using statistical analysis, while the qualitative data were elaborated in qualitative ways. The process of the qualitative ways consisted of three main analyses, namely condensation data, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. Based on the result of analysis, this study showed that most of the laerners are afraid to making mistakes in speaking English. It was affected by some difficulties like their pronunciation, vocabulary mastery also grammar. For further studies, speaking practices are needed more in learning English speaking to train them to use the language to communicate. The implication for further learning is that speaking materials are designed in line with students’ speaking level and students’ target needs and learning needs.
Afifah, N., & Devana, T. (2020). Speaking Skill through Task Based Learning in English Foreign Language Classroom. Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa & Seni Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP, 7(2), 135. https://doi.org/10.33394/jo-elt.v7i2.3109
Anabel, T. W. V., & Simanjuntak, D. C. (2022). Obtaining Preferences from a Hybrid Learning System to Promote English-Speaking Ability Through Focus Group Discussion. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 10(2), 118. https://doi.org/10.33394/jollt.v10i2.4994
Aprianoto, Dr., & Haerazi, Dr. (2019). Development and Assessment of an Interculture-based Instrument Model in the Teaching of Speaking Skills. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(12), 2796–2805. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.071230
Ariani, D. (2020). Problems of Electrical Engineering Department Students of Polytechnic of Raflesia in Speaking English in Group Presentation. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 4(2), 195–205. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.4.2.195-205
Ariani, S., & Tawali, T. (2021). Problems of Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic in Speaking for Professional Context Class. Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa & Seni Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP, 8(1), 32. https://doi.org/10.33394/jo-elt.v8i1.3783
Ayu, P. D. S., Hidayatullah, H., & Ariani, S. (2020). Applying Circle Game to Enhance Students’ Speaking Skill. Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa & Seni Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP, 7(2), 119. https://doi.org/10.33394/jo-elt.v7i2.3187
Buana, T. S., & Irawan, L. A. (2021). Students’ Phonological Awareness and Their Strategy in Pronuncing Words. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(1), 51–56. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i1.528
Fatiani, T. A., Rahman, A., & Jupri, J. (2021). Practicing Cooperative Learning Model Using Picture Cube and Story Marker to Improve Writing Skills. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i1.500
Fitri, A., Hermansyah, H., Pratiwi, E., & Aswadijaya, A. (2021). Teacher’s Strategies In Teaching Speaking During Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 5(3), 349–367. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.5.3.349-367
Haerazi, H., & Nunez, J. L. (2022). Promoting Intercultural Competences and Communication Skills through English Textbooks within Multilingual Education: Intercultural Language Learning; English Textbooks. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(2), 75–82. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i2.610
Haerazi, H., & Kazemian, M. (2021). Self-Regulated Writing Strategy as a Moderator of Metacognitive Control in Improving Prospective Teachers’ Writing Skills. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i1.498
Haerazi, H., Prayati, Z., & Vikasari, R. M. (2019). Practicing contextual teaching and learning (CTL) approach to improve students’ reading comprehension in relation to motivation. English Review: Journal of English Education, 8(1), 139. https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v8i1.2011
Hanan, A., & Budiarti, H. A. (2019). Improving Students’ Motivation and Speaking Competence By Using Think-Pair-Share Strategy. Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa & Seni Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP, 6(1), 41. https://doi.org/10.33394/jo-elt.v6i1.2349
Hidayatullah, H., & Haerazi, H. (2022). Exploring the Use of Various Board Games to Enhance Speaking Skills Viewed from Students’ Phonology Awareness: Speaking Skills; Phonology Awareness; Games. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(2), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i2.614
Ihsan, P., & Aulia, E. R. (2020). Instagram As Medium of Promoting English Speaking Skill: English Edupreneurship. Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa & Seni Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP, 7(2), 105. https://doi.org/10.33394/jo-elt.v7i2.3180
Irawan, L. A., & Haerazi, H. (2021). Islamic cultural notes in ELT instruction in the Islamic boarding schools of Haramain Nahdlatul Wathan Narmada, West Nusa Tenggara. AKADEMIKA: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, 25(2), 385. https://doi.org/10.32332/akademika.v25i2.1437
Jupri, J., Mismardiana, Muslim, & Haerazi, H. (2022). Teaching English Using Two Stay Two Stray in Improving Students’ English Speaking Skills Integrated with Foreign Language Anxiety. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 2(1), 33–42. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v2i1.719
Kazemian, M., Irawan, L. A., & Haerazi, H. (2021). Developing Metacognitive Writing Strategy to Enhance Writing Skills Viewed from Prospective Teachers’ Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 1(1), 15–28. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v1i1.499
Kenza-Tacarraoucht, Zano, K., & Zamorano, A. (2022). Team Games-Language Learning Model in Improving Students’ Speaking and Listening Skills Viewed from Creativity. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 2(1), 53–61. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v2i1.711
Kinasih, P. R., & Olivia, O. (2022). An Analysis of Using Movies to Enhance Students’ Public Speaking Skills in Online Class. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 10(3), 315. https://doi.org/10.33394/jollt.v10i3.5435
Martina, F., Akbarjono, A., Friantary, H., & Sari, T. N. P. (2021). Investigating English Students’ Motivation in Speaking Class during New Normal Era. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 5(3), 436–452. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.5.3.436-452
Sudarmaji, I., Amaliyah Anwar, A. A., & Mulyana, A. (2021). Developing Students’ Speaking Skills through Flipped Classroom Model. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 5(2), 188–200. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.5.2.188-200
Suparlan, S. (2021). Factors contributing students’ speaking anxiety. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 9(2), 160. https://doi.org/10.33394/jollt.v9i2.3321
Syarifuddin, M., Muhlisin, M., & Thinh, V. T. (2022). Suggestopedia-Based Language Learning to Enhance Students’ Speaking Skills Viewed from Teachers’ Educational Background. Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 2(1), 12–22. https://doi.org/10.36312/jolls.v2i1.709
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Paris Jiwa Karya, Kenza Takarroucht, Kufakunesu Zano, Alex Zamorano
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with JoLLS agree to the following terms:
- For all articles published in JoLLS, copyright is retained by the authors. Authors give permission to the publisher to announce the work with conditions. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agrees to implement a non-exclusive transfer of publishing rights to the journals.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.