Protective Factors For Teacher Resilience In Elementary Special Educations
Keywords:Teacher, Resiliency, Protective Factors, Elementary School, Special Educations
This research aims to examine the protective factors associated with resiliency among teachers in elementary special educations. Psychological resilience is maintained to be fundamental for teachers because they are constantly exposed to various stressors that they only have a little control, such as a high workload, conflicting demands, lack of recognition, poor physical environment and studentâ€™s misbehavior. Teacher resilience is very important in enabling the teacher to respond positively to the challenging circumstances. Related to this research, some participants have completed the survey developed to represent the measurement of some protective factors, namely the self-compassion and self-esteem. Regression analysis was used to determine the association among protective factors for the resilience. The results indicate that the two protective factors contribute to teacher resilience. The information obtained regarding the protective factors can be used by school administrators to help in fostering the resilience. It can be concluded that supporting the teacher resilience is a promising practice that is important to the educational planning efforts at schools especially in elementary special educations.
Arslan, G. (2019). Mediating role of the selfâ€“esteem and resilience in the association between social exclusion and life satisfaction among adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 151, 109514. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.109514.
Balgiu, B. (2017). Self-esteem, personality and resilience. Study of a students emerging adults group. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 7(1), 93-99.
Beltman, S., Mansfield, C. F., & Price, A. (2011). Thriving not just surviving: A review of research on teacher resilience. Educational Research Review, 6(3), 185-207. DOI: 10.1016/j.edurev.2011.09.001.
Bluth, K., Mullarkey, M., & Lathren, C. (2018). Self-compassion: A potential path to adolescent resilience and positive exploration. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(9), 3037â€“3047. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1125-1.
Colvin, H. M., Taylor, R. M. (2012). Building a Resilient Workforce. Washington DC: National academies press.
Germer, K.C. (2009). The mindful path to self compassion: Freeing yourself from destructive thoughts and emotions. New York : The Guilford Press.
Gibbs, S., & Miller, A. (2013). Teachersâ€™ resilience and well-being: a role for educational psychology. Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 1-13. Doi: 10.1080/13540602.2013.844408
Gu, Q., Day, C. (2007). Teachers resilience: A necessary condition for effectiveness. Journal Teaching and Teacher Education, 1302-1317.
Harris, M. A., & Orth, U. (2019, September 26). The Link Between Self-Esteem and Social Relationships: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000265.
Karatas, Z., Ersoy, M. A., & Cakar, F. S. (2011). Self-Esteem and Hopelessness, and Resiliency: An Exploratory Study of Adolescents in Turkey. International Education Studies, 4(4), 84-91. DOI:10.5539/ies.v4n4p84.
Lacoviello, B., & Charney, D. (2014). Psychosocial facets of resilience: implications for preventing posttrauma psychopathology, treating trauma survivors, and enhancing community resilience. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5(1), 1-10.
Mackenzie, S. (2012). I canâ€™t imagine doing anything else: Why do teachers of children with SEN remain in the profession? Resilience, rewards and realism over time. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 12(3), 151â€“161.
Neff, K., & Germer, C. (2013). A Pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28-44. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21923.
Neff, K. D., & Faso, D. J. (2015). Self-Compassion and Well-Being in Parents of Children with Autism. Mindfulness, 6(4), 938â€“947. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0359-2
Reivich, K., & Shatte, A. (2003). The Resilience Factor : 7 Keys to Finding Your Inner Strength and Overcoming Lifeâ€™s Hurdles. New York: Broadway.
Richards, J. (2012). Teacher stress and coping strategies: A national snapshot. The Educational Forum, 76, 299-316.
Yang, C., Zhou, Y., Cao, Q., & Xia, M. (2019). The Relationship Between Self-Control and Self-Efficacy Among Patients With Substance Use Disorders: Resilience and Self-Esteem as Mediators. Front Psychiatry, 10, 388. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00388.
Yarnell, L. M., Stafford, R. E., Neff, K. D., Reilly, E. D., Knox, M. C., & Mullarkey, M. (2015). Meta-analysis of gender differences in self-compassion. Self and Identity, 14(5), 499â€“520. https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2015.1029966.