Pembelajaran Inovatif Abad Ke-21
Keywords:pembelajaran inovatif, keterampilan inovatif, literasi, penilaian [innovative learning, innovative skills, literacy, assessment]
Abstract[Title: The 21st Century Innovative Learning]. The 21st-century education paradigm has experienced a shift marked by differences in learning orientations. The learning of the previous century emphasized literacy in reading, writing, and mathematics, wherein the 21st century they were used as the basis for developing new literacy, namely human, data and technological literacy which is very important to face the current and future globalization era. Innovative learning in the 21st century is oriented towards activities to practice essential skills according to the framework for 21st-century skills, namely life and career skills, innovation and learning skills, and information, media and ICT skills. Learning characteristics to train these essential skills, lead to learning processes that are interactive, holistic, integrative, scientific, contextual, thematic, effective, collaborative, and student-centred so that in their implementation educators can design activities by selecting learning methods/models that can accommodate overall characteristics are comprehensive. Assessment in 21st century learning is compiled and developed to measure student learning achievement which includes knowledge competencies (critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and innovation, collaboration, communication), intrapersonal competencies (work skills in teams, collaboration, communication, cooperation, and coordination), and interpersonal competence (the ability to work with others such as the ability to self-management, cooperation, effective communication, and the ability to maintain relationships with others emotionally). Thus, innovative learning in the 21st century creates human resources that are literate with information, data and technology that are needed to face the competition for life and the labour market in the current and future globalization era.
Andriani, D. E. (2010). Mengembangkan profesionalitas guru abad 21 melalui program pembimbingan yang efektif. Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan, 6(2), 78-92.
ATC21S (2013) Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. Official website. Available online at: http://atc21s.org.
Ananiadou, K., & Claro, M. (2009). 21st century skills and competences for new millennium learners in OECD countries. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 41. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/218525261154.
Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M. & Rumble, M. (2010). Defining 21st Century skills. Draft white paper. Part of a report to the Learning and Technology World Forum 2010, London. Conference Board of Canada. (2000). Employability skills 2000+. Retrieved from: www.conferenceboard.ca/topics/education/learning-tools/employability-skills.aspx.
C21 Canada (Canadians for 21st Century Learning and Innovation). (2012). Shifting minds: A 21st century vision of public education for Canada. Retrieved from: www.c21canada.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Shifting-MindsRevised.pdf.
Darling, L. H. (2006). Constructing 21st century teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education, 57(1). 300-314.
Dumont, H., Istance, D., & Benavides, F. (Eds.). (2010). The nature of learning: Using research to inspire practice. Paris: Educational Research and Innovation, OECD Publishing. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264086487-en.
Flavell, J. H. (1976). Metacognitive aspects of problem solving. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.), The nature of intelligence (231-236). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Fullan, M., & Langworthy, M. (2014). A rich seam: How new pedagogies find deep learning. London: Pearson.. (2015). Redesign the curriculum for a 21 st century learning. Center for Curriculum Redesign. Diperoleh dari: https://curriculumredesign.org/wp-content/uploads/CCR-FoundationalPaper-Updated-Jan2016.pdf. Diakses pada tanggal 19 Agustus 2019.
Griffin, P.E., McGaw, B., & Care, E. (Eds.). (2012). Assessment and teaching of 21st century skills (ATC21S). Dordrecht: Springer.
Gunada, Z. (2017). Pengertian literasi TIK. Diperoleh dari: https://zakariagunada 22blog.wordpress.com/2017/05/02/pengertian-literasi tik. Diakses pada tanggal 20 Agustus 2019.
Hafid, A. (2015). Pembelajaran inovatif (menggali karakter/potensi siswa). Retrieved from: https://www.kompasiana.com/afdhilhafid/54f94d4ba33311f1068b4c3b/pembelajaran-inovatif-menggali-karakterpotensi-siswa. Diakses pada 15 Agustus 2019.
Hargreaves, A. & Fullan, M. (2000). Mentoring in the new millennium. ProQuest Education Journals, 39(1), 50-56.
Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2014). Konsep dan implementasi kurikulum 2013. Jakata: Kemendikbud. Diperoleh dari: https://www.kemdikbud.go.id/kemdikbud/dokumen/ Paparan/Paparan%20Wamendik.pdf. diakses pada tanggal 19 Agustus 2019.
Kluwe, R. H. (1982). Cobnitive Knowledge and executive control: Metacognition. Springer, 21(1), 201-224.
Lai, E. R. (2011). Metacognition: A literature review. Research Report (pp. 1-41). Pearson. Diperoleh dari http://www.pearsonassessments.com.
Levy, F., & Murnane, R.J. (2004). The new division of labor: How computers are creating the next job market. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Masril. (2014). Pengembangan profesionalisme guru di abad XXI. Diperoleh dari: http://fisika.fmipa.unp.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/file18.pdf. Diakses tanggal 20 Agustus 2019.
Mulford, B. (2008). The leadership challenge: Improving learning in schools. Australian Education Review. Victoria: ACER Press.
Muhali. (2018). Pengembangan model pembelajaran reflektif-metakognitif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan metakognisi siswa SMA. Disertasi. Universitas Negeri Surabaya.
Muhali. (2018). Arah pengembangan pendidikan masa kini menurut perspektif revolusi industry 4.0. Seminar Nasional membangun pendidikan mandiri dan berkualitas pada era revolusi industri 4.0. 29 September 2019. Mataram: LPP Mandala. Indonesia. https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=yo_v6usAAAAJ&hl=en#d=gs_md_cita-d&u=%2Fcitations%3Fview_op%3Dview_citation%26hl%3Den%26user%3Dyo_v6usAAAAJ%26citation_for_view%3Dyo_v6usAAAAJ%3AYsMSGLbcyi4C%26tzom%3D420.
Mukhadis, A. (2013). Sosok Manusia Indonesia Unggul dan Berkarakter dalam Bidang Teknologi Sebagai Tuntutan Hidup di Era Globalisasi. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, 3(2), 115-136.
P21 (Partnership for 21st Century Skills). (2011). Framework for 21st century learning. Retrieved from: www.p21.org/our-work/p21-framework.
Pellegrino, J.W., & Hilton, M.L. (Eds.). (2012). Education for life and work: Developing transferable knowledge and skills in the 21st century. National Research Council. Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills, Board on Testing and Assessment and Board on Science Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Rychen, D.S. (2003). Key competencies: Meeting important challenges in life. In D.S. Rychen & L.H. Salganik (Eds.), life and a well-functioning society Publishers.
Scardamalia, M., Bransford, J., Kozma, B., & Quellmalz, E. (2010). Assessment and teaching of 21st century skills. Melbournr: University of Melbourne. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242705214_Assessment_and_Teaching_of_21st_Century_Skills/link/542052af0cf241a65a1dd61d/download. Doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-2324-5_5.
Silva, E. (2009) Measuring skills for 21 century learning. Phi Delta Kappa, 90(9), 630-634.
Suto, I. (2013). 21st century skills: Ancient, ubiquitous, enigmatic? Paper Published in research matters: A Cambridge Assessment Publication. University of Cambridge.
Tapscott, D. (1999). Growing up digital: The rise of the net generation. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Trilling, B. & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st Century Skills. Wiley-www.21stcenturyskillsbook.com
Wahyono, B. (2016). Pengertian pembelajaran inovatif dan tipe-tipenya. Retrieved from: http://www.pendidikanekonomi.com/2016/02/pengertian-pembelajaran-inovatif-dan.html. Diakses 15 Agustus 2019.
Wijaya, E.Y., Sudjimat, D.A., & Nyoto, A. (2016). Transformasi pendidikan abad 21 sebagai tuntutan pengembangan sumber daya manusia di era global.prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika (pp. 263-278). Malang: Universitas kanjuruhan Malang.
Winaryati, E. (2018). Penilaian kompetensi siswa abad 21. Seminar Nasional Edusaintik (p. 6-19) Semarang: FMIPA Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika agree to the following terms:
- For all articles published in Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, copyright is retained by the authors. Authors give permission to the publisher to announce the work with conditions. When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agrees to implement a non-exclusive transfer of publishing rights to the journals.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.