EFL Teacher's Perception on Reading Strategies Taught in High Schools


  • Dian Indrianis Fitri Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
  • Daniel Ginting Universitas Ma Chung, Indonesia




EFL teacher’s perception, reading strategies


While reading activity is a complex phenomenon, recent research on reading strategies has not provided comprehensive explanation of the role and perceptions of teachers regarding appropriate reading strategies helping students with learning difficulties. This paper is aimed to provide a sketch of the teacher's views and strategies to facilitate students with appropriate reading strategies.  EFL teachers have different kinds of reading strategies applied in the classrooms.  This study has found that three groups of teachers teaching in excellent accredited public schools, good accredited public school and very good Islamic private school use various strategies during the teaching of reading. Teachers' perceptions on the teaching of reading strategies are closely related to their readiness with knowledge about reading strategies, students' reading problems and their belief. This study suggests that EFL teachers and future researchers need to continuously investigate effective teaching of reading skill in relation to students' reading strategies.


Download data is not yet available.


Ali & Razali. (2019). A review of studies on cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies in teaching reading comprehension for ESL/EFL Learners. English Language Teaching, 12 (6), 1916-4742

Ates & Yildirim (2010). Opinions of classroom teachers and prospective classroom teachers about the learning difficulties encountered in the teaching process of reading and writing, Elementary Education Online, 9(1), 44-51, 2010

Brevik, L. (2019). Explicit rStrategy instruction or daily use of strategies? Studying the teaching of reading comprehension through naturalistic classroom observation in English L2. Read Writ, 32(1), 2281–2310

Emaliana. (2008). Using the jigsaw technique to increase the motivation of the XIth of SMA negeri 12 Malang in narrative texts. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: State University of Malang

Cahyono & Widiati. (2006). The teaching of EFL reading in the Indonesian context: the state of the art. Teflin Journal, 17 (1), 36-58

Corina, V. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions and attitudes towards Professional activity. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 51(1), 167-171 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.139

Diniah. (2013). Teachers’ perceptions towards the use of English textbook in EFL classrooms (A descriptive study Of EFL teachers at one Islamic senior high school in Cirebon). Journal of English And Education, 1(2), 72-81

Dja’far, V., H. (2016). EFL teachers' perception of university students' motivation and ESP learning achievement. Journal of Education and Practice 7(14). 1-15

Dogan, C., & Tosun, B. (2019). Critical reading in EFL courses: the facile and challenge confronted. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching, 6(3), 500-509.

Djiwandono, P.I. 1994. EFL Reading Strategies of Indonesian Learners. Unpublished

Thesis Malang : Jurusan Pend. Bahasa Inggris, PPS IKIP Malang.

Dubin, F., & Bycina, D. (1991). Academic reading and the ESL/EFL Teacher. In M.

Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (2nd ed., pp. 195-215). New York: Newbury House

Fitri, D., I. (2011). A study on reading strategies taught by the English teachers of SMPN 2

Kepanjen and SMPN 4 Kepanjen. Unpublished Thesis, Malang: State University of Malang

Gelbar, N. W., Bray, M., Kehle, T. J., Madaus, J. W., & Makel, C. (2018). Exploring the nature of compensation strategies in individuals with dyslexia. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 33(2), 110-124.

Ginting, D. & Saukah, A. (2016). Tests of writing in the school examination in upper

secondary schools. Sage Open. , 1-7doi:10.1177/2158244016673130

Herman, P., Perkins, K., Hansen, M., Gomez, L., & Gomez, K. (2010). The effectiveness of reading comprehension strategies in high school science classrooms. ICLS volume 1. Chicago: USA; Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of The Learning Sciences, June 29- July 2, 2010

Hidayati, D. (2018). Students difficulties in reading comprehension at the first grade of SMAN 1 Darussalam Aceh Besar. Unpublished Thesis. Faculty of Education and Teacher Training Ar-Raniry State Islamic University Darussalam- Banda Aceh

Hudson, T. (2007). Teaching second language reading. NY: Oxford University Press

Hudri & Naim. (2019). An Analysis of teacher strategies in teaching reading at the first years students of SMK 2 Gerung in academic year 2016/2017. Linguistic and ELT Journal Muhammadiyah University of Mataram 5 (2).

Ismail, S. A., Petras, Y. E., Mohamed, A. R., & Eng, L. S. (2015). Compensatory reading among ESL Learners: A Reading Strategy Heuristic. English Language Teaching, 8(8), 46-55.

Mahmoud, E., Y. (2019). Teachers’ perceptions of reading instructional strategies and reading assessment strategies used in private high schools. Unpublished Thesis. United Arab Emirates University

Nam, K., H. Leavell, & Alexandra. (2011). Reading strategy instruction, metacognitive awareness, and self-perception of striving college developmental readers. JCLL 37 (1)

Nugroho, T., Bharati, D., & Hartono, R. (2019). English teachers’ perception on strategies in teaching reading comprehension to motivate the students. English Education Journal. English Education Journal 9 (1) 56 - 61

Troike. (2012). Introducing second language acquisition. UK: Cambridge University Press

Van Viersen. S., de Bree, E. H., & de Jong, P. F. (2019). Protective factors and compensation in resolving dyslexia. Scientific Studies of Reading, 23(6), 461-477

Vasquez, A., Hansen, A. L., & Smith, P. C. (2010). Teaching language arts to English language learners. New York: Routledge

Zhang, Z. (1993). Literature review on reading strategy research. Paper Presented at The Annual Meeting of The Mid-South Educational Research Association New Orleans LA Nov 10-12, 1993 https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/




How to Cite

Fitri, D. I., & Ginting, D. (2021). EFL Teacher’s Perception on Reading Strategies Taught in High Schools. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: E-Saintika, 5(2), 104–117. https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i2.423



Educational Research Papers