Nurturing Prospective STEM Teachers' Critical Thinking Skill through Virtual Simulation-Assisted Remote Inquiry in Fourier Transform Courses




critical thinking skill, remote inquiry, virtual simulation


Alignment of inquiry learning has embarked on remote inquiry as a replacement for face-to-face inquiry. On the other hand, the current technological developments bring opportunities to use it as a learning resource to support critical thinking. The current study explores the impact of virtual simulation-assisted remote inquiry in Fourier transform courses on prospective STEM teachers' (PST) critical thinking (CT) skills. The experimental design employed a randomized pretest-posttest control group was employed. Two groups of samples were randomized: the experimental group, n = 30, and the control group, n = 30. The treatment of learning was different in each group. The experimental group was conducted by virtual simulation-assisted remote inquiry, while the control group was conducted by online learning without inquiry and simulation. The measured CT skills aspects included analytical, inference, evaluation, and decision-making measured by an essay test instrument. The results were then analyzed descriptively and statistically. The results confirm that the virtual simulation-assisted remote inquiry significantly improved PST CT in Fourier transform courses. The virtual simulation-assisted remote inquiry learning was better than courses with online learning without inquiry and simulation. The virtual simulation-assisted remote inquiry provided conceptual formation and application of concepts. It strengthened the opportunities for the PSTs to train their CT skills.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Roil Bilad, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Scopus ID: 36999741400

Kaspul Anwar, Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Susruhiyatun Hayati, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)


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How to Cite

Bilad, M. R., Anwar, K., & Hayati, S. (2022). Nurturing Prospective STEM Teachers’ Critical Thinking Skill through Virtual Simulation-Assisted Remote Inquiry in Fourier Transform Courses. International Journal of Essential Competencies in Education, 1(1), 1–10.



Original Research Article